The Story of Ozone
3: Ozone Concentration



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Ozone Concentration

Medical ozone is produced in varying concentrations. The quantity of ozone in comparison with the quantity of oxygen in the gas stream is called per cent concentration. It is measured in micrograms (ug) of ozone per milliliter (ml or cc) of the mixture. A liter of oxygen weighs 1.4 grams. Therefore :

0.5 % X 1.4 gm/l = 7 ug/ml
1.0 % X 1.4 gm/l = 14 ug/ml
1.5 % X 1.4 gm/l = 21 ug/ml
2.0 % X 1.4 gm/l = 28 ug/ml
2.5 % X 1.4 gm/l = 35 ug/ml
3.0 % X 1.4 gm/l = 42 ug/ml
3.5 % X 1.4 gm/l = 49 ug/ml
4.0 % X 1.4 gm/l = 56 ug/ml
4.5 % X 1.4 gm/l = 63 ug/ml
5.0 % X 1.4 gm/l = 70 ug/ml

5 % or 70 ug/ml is considered to be the upper limit of concentration for internal use of medical ozone.

Dr. Greenberg, formerly of the Kief Clinic, has shown, in vitro, that at concentrations of 90 ug/ml there was crimping of red blood cells which was definitely harmful. Experiments by F. Sweet et al, have shown inhibition of growth in healthy cells at concentrations above 70 ug/ml. If we stay below that level, we will have no problems. Generators that produce higher concentrations can be dangerous for home use. Interestingly, cold plasma generators have a built in limitation of about 70 ug/ml, which is within the safe range. We are proud of the fact that no one has ever been harmed using our generators.

Medical ozone therapy has been found to be an extremely safe modality, free from the dangerous side effects associated with drugs. In a 1980 study done by the German Medical Society for Ozone Therapy, 644 therapists were polled regarding their 384,775 patients, with a total of 5,579,238 ozone treatments administered. There were only 40 cases of side effects noted out of this number, which represents the incredibly low rate of .000007 %, and only four fatalities. Ozone has thus proven to be the safest medical therapy ever devised.

Prof. B. Halliwell of the University of London has stated, after researching the topic, that there has never been a case cited in the medical literature of damage caused in vivo by the O1 oxygen radical.



Add On Information ( from www.silvermedicine.org )

It can be confusing to calculate the true ozone concentration based on different measurements used by different companies. Here is a general guide on converting concentrations:

When measuring ozone in Milligrams per Hour ( mg/hr ), the concentration cannot be determined unless the flow rate itself is known.

1 ug/ml = 1 mg/l = 1 g/m3 = 1 gamma
1 ml is = to 1 cc.

So, to determine the actual concentration if given mg/hr., one first must convert from mg/hr to mg/l. This is done by using the flow rate. If an ozone generator pumps out 250 mg/hr at a flow rate of 1 liter per minute, then:

The ozone generator produces 4.1667 mg/min ( 250 mg/hr divided by 60 ). Since we now know that we have 4.1667 milligrams of ozone each minute, and the flow rate is 1 liter each minute, we now have 4.1667 mg for each liter, or 4.1667 mg/l.

By looking at our chart, we now know that we have an ozone generator that produces 4.1667 ug/ml.

To determine the concentration, we can use the formula given by Saul Pressman:

0.5 % X 1.4 gm/l = 7 ug/ml

Only, let's convert it properly, first, by using the mathematical version with the correct units of measurement:

0.005 X 1400mg/l = 7ug/ml

X times 1400 = 4.1667
X = .00298 or 0.298%

Goto the Next Chapter: Ozone and Magnets - Ozone for Prevention

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The Story of Ozone


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