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Part Three: Principles of Colloidal Silver Production

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This third part of our basic colloidal silver generator tutorial provides the three critically important principles behind colloidal silver production, and provides the theory and basic knowledge needed to create a quality colloidal silver product-- especially when one later decides to improve the quality of the generator.

Colloidal Silver Generator

Featured: University of North Texas Tests Colloidal Silver

Three Principles to Mastering Colloidal Silver Production

1. Purity: The quality of any colloidal silver is foremost determined by 1) the purity of the silver used, 2) the purity of the initial water supply, and 3) the cleanliness of both the silver rods and the glass container used for production. Even variables such as air quality and light concentration can influence colloidal silver production.

2. Current Control: The entire colloidal silver generation process is geared toward strict regulation of the flow of silver ( both ions and particles ) into the distilled water base. The more command one successfully wields toward this end, the higher the end quality will be. Variable conditions include everything covered in the purity principle, plus: a) The voltage applied, b) the amount of current, c) the size and the shape of the silver electrodes, d) the amount of water used, e) the water temperature, f) the size and shape of the container, g) the spacing between the silver rods, h) the motion ( if any ) of the water in the container, and even i) the Earth's electromagnetic field and j) the shape of the silver electrodes.

3. Timing: Understanding and properly measuring the duration of each batch of colloidal silver is of paramount importance both to the particle size of the silver ions and the concentration of the batch itself, and thus critical to the end quality of the product. All variables of the timing are dependent upon the variables of the first two principles. Timing influences particle sizing and particle dispersion ( otherwise known as proper hydration of the silver ).

Each of these three principles relies upon the other. Mastery of these simple principles equates to the mastery of colloidal silver production. Every advanced colloidal silver generator IS advanced due to the fact that it addresses one or more of these principles more successfully than the basic generator is able to. Some "advanced generators" defy the above principles, and the end result is always a lower quality product. These production flaws can only be detected by expensive analysis of the end colloidal silver, including both Atomic Adsorption Spectronomy ( AAS ) and Transmission Electron Microscopy ( TEM ).

The Basics: Demystifying Colloidal Silver

What is Colloidal Silver?

Simply stated, colloidal silver is water containing both microscopic particles of elemental silver and silver ions. The most common electrolysis processes used to create colloidal silver sinter metallic silver from a silver rod or wire, and deposit ions ( Ag+ ) and particles ( particles with no charge and clusteres of charged particles, Ag- ) into the water.

What separates electrically isolated colloidal silver from other types of silver products is the fact that the state of silver is either in isolated ionic form or pure particle form ( not bonded with other elements ), and the size of any silver particles is incredibly small compared to other methods of silver production. In other words, the silver ions and particles are isolated by water molecules only. Whether the benefit of colloidal silver is due solely to the silver, the size of the silver particles, the ionic charge or particle charge, or a combination of all three, is a matter of debate. Please keep in mind that the term "colloidal silver" should be considered a generic term and not a scientific one, as colloidal technically means particles in suspension, not dissolved solids.

How is quality gauged?

The therapeutic quality of colloidal silver is determined by 1) the product purity 2) the size of the silver particles, 3) the concentration and/or ratio of ionic silver to particle silver, 4) and both the dispersion of silver in the water and the surface area that active silver area covers ( which is related to the size of the silver particles ).

One of the greatest motivating factors for manufacturing one's own colloidal silver is to ensure product purity. By using inferior silver or thoughtless bonding agents ( even accidentally ), it is just as easy to toxify the body as it is to heal it. For instance, Silver Nitrate is a known toxic substance, and silver chloride has questionable benefit in the body. While it is true that even the poorest quality colloidal silver available for purchase is unlikely to contain enough contaminants to do the body serious harm, it is equally true that ANY contaminants cause the formation of larger silver particles and silver compounds. This may significantly decrease the benefit possible compared to a properly made colloidal silver.

Using the production methods on these pages will ensure both a safe and effective colloidal silver. However, it should be noted that home brewing colloidal silver can only be taken so far without a sterile lab environment and incredibly sophisticated controls. That said, just because a colloidal silver is "lab made" does not mean that the producers are making it properly!

The size of silver particles is important for three reasons:

The smaller the particle size, the more likely the colloidal silver will be adsorbed in a useable form by the body. A high quality colloidal silver should have particles small enough to be adsorbed sublingually and through lung tissues.

Small particles of silver cover a greater surface area, increasing the potential contact with microbes.

Ionic silver is a whole field unto itself. A high quality colloidal silver has ionic silver that does not readily agglomerate.

By properly making colloidal silver with the basic generator, particle sizes between .001 - .04 microns may be uniformly achieved ( with concentration strength between 3 - 5 parts per million ) - a decent colloidal silver.

The concentration strength is the amount of actual silver contained within the water by volume, and is measured in ppm ( parts per million ). Five parts per million is generally accepted as a safe and effective general purpose strength. However, a 5ppm solution is not universally regarded as effective. Generally speaking, one may achieve a suitable quality 50 ppm solution using a more advanced generator. The basic generator, with practice and extreme care, can safely generate a batch ( estimated ) of about 10 - 12 ppm, although there will be a quality difference as compared to a batch of 3-5 PPM.

With all of these variables, and without lab equipment, can one be certain to achieve a quality colloidal silver with a basic generator?

Yes. The primary purpose of this tutorial is to introduce colloidal silver to the interested novice. The following instructions will provide both the method of achieving a safe and effective colloidal silver solution and a method of testing it. After experimentation, and with continued interest, one should explore a more advanced generator.

Next: How to Use the Colloidal Silver Generator

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Comments @
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All posts requesting dosage or treatment advice will be deleted
For anonymous comments, please use this email address: anon @ silvermedicine . org

There are 14 comments
Bipin – london
July 04, 2011 - 12:16
Subject: help me please

Im using a 9v battery and 99.99 pure silver rods, the rods are spaced 15cm apart and i use distled water. can anyone tell me how much time i should switch it on for making 200ml of colloidal silver solution please.
it will be a great help for me, pls advice me

Nicholas – Santa Cruz, Ca
July 15, 2010 - 16:58
Subject: Placement

First thank you for the help, cheap and easy setup. I am wondering when extracting the silver from the rods into the water. Do you leave the silver rods standing up? How should they sit, with out touching anything else besides the glass and silver? THANK YOU

May 14, 2010 - 13:24
Subject: how long to keep silver rods in water ?

Hi, I am new to CS. None says how long we should keep the silver rods in water when making CS. Is it 5 min after we see gray hue in water or 20 min? And how much water should be used? Can someone pls give me proper ratio water/time duration of making CS.
If I keep the rods for 3 hours in cup of water...will that be too strong of CS?

Reply to Ana
Admin – Las Vegas
May 17, 2010 - 10:15
Subject: Re: how long to keep silver rods in water ?

Greetings -

It is not possible to give an exact time that the reaction will take due to the many variables... especially the quality of the distilled water. You can use a red laser to watch for the reaction. For the first 15-30 minutes, there should be little to no visible activity due to the lack of conductivity in the water. But once the reaction starts, with low voltage/low current DC systems, the reaction will create about 1 ppm per minute. However, with a basic setup, agglomeration can occur very quickly. Therefore, we recommend only running the full reaction for about five minutes, and then, use h2o2 to be certain that there are no larger particles in-water (a few drops of h2o2 will cause a poor quality CS to turn a dark color).

December 25, 2009 - 10:29
Subject: wound healing

Does anyone have experience using low level current, silver threads on healing wounds? If so can we talk?

December 03, 2009 - 06:53
Subject: Colloidal Silver Production- Dangerous?

Hello evryone. I need your advice. A small company that produces Collodial Silver water is interested to rent my shop space under my house. They want to produce and store Colloidal Silver water. However my concern is if this production process is toxic and somehow will polute the air or water in my house. We are talking for production of colloidal silver produced to be sold so bigger quantities. Please give me your advice on this matter so I will know to do the right decision and rent those people my shop which is somwhere in eastern europe.

Reply to Lex
Sunil Fonseka – Sri Lanka
June 22, 2010 - 11:12
Subject: Re: Colloidal Silver Production- Dangerous?

I am very interesting this technology. Pl reply the toxicity of Silver. What is the dasage and how long it will take any health prlblem.

Sunil Fonaeka

robert blackthorne – auckland new zealand
November 20, 2009 - 14:29
Subject: colloidal silver

can you use a transformer from an electrical suppliers instead of batteries,and if so what voltag, and what amperage.

Reply to robert blackthorne
September 29, 2011 - 08:55
Subject: Re: colloidal silver

A transformer will give you an AC voltage, not the required DC. You would also need to build a rectifier to convert to DC, a filter, a voltage regulator and current controller as well. Cheaper to use rechargeable 9 volt batteries for this.

robert blackthorne – auckland new zealand
November 20, 2009 - 14:28
Subject: colloidal silver

can you use a transformer from an electrical suppliers instead of batteries,and if so what voltag, and what amperage.

Jordan – Atlanta, GA
July 26, 2009 - 23:07
Subject: silver

I can't find where I can purchase .999 strips of silver from you.
I saw it once but can't find it again.

Please direct me.



Reply to Jordan Admin – Las Vegas, NV
July 27, 2009 - 11:17
Subject: Re: silver


We don't actually sell any products - you can find our product recommendations on our "products" page (click on the website link in this comment )

Reply to Jordan
March 28, 2010 - 00:24
Subject: Re: silver

I bought mine at . You can get the wire or rods 99.999 pure in different gauges at a resonable price. It also comes with a certificate of analysis. I hope this helps.

Have a Great Day


April 05, 2009 - 20:01
Subject: col silver gen pages

Instead of pausing at page two, it skips form page one to page three, of the basics of generating colloidal silver. This makes the whole process a waste of time.

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Silver is a not-for-profit website dedicated to providing accurate information on medical colloidal silver ( minute silver particles and isolated silver ions ) and colloidal silver generators, retail products, the safety and use of colloidal silver products for external and internal applications in alternative medicine, and general information on production, manufacturing, and the different types of colloidal silver available. Our information is provided only as research material for those studying colloidal silver and alternative medical therapies, and is not intended to diagnose or treat any illness, disorder, or physical condition in or on the human body.


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